Properties and Structure
Global Properties of Bacteria
Most bacteria reproduce through binary fission; similar to cell division, it yields two identical daughter cells. The rapid rate of mutation makes bacteria very adaptable.
Motor Skills in Different Bacteria
"A motile E. coli propels itself from place to place by rotating its
flagella. To move forward, the flagella rotate counterclockwise...Spirochaetes
are helical bacteria which have a specialized internal structure known as
the axial filament which is responsible for rotation of the cell in a spiral
fashion and consequent locomotion.
Gliding bacteria all secrete copious slime, but the mechanism which propels the cells is not known."